There are not many therapeutic communities in the US, but their creation in this country goes as far back at the early 1900's with the founding of Gould Farm in Monterey, MA in 1914. In the year 1900, William J. Gould, a visionary and pioneer in social reform, conceived of a plan for emotional rehabilitation based on the principles of respectful discipline, wholesome work and unstinting kindness.
Thirteen years later, "Brother Will" and his wife, Agnes, purchased a farm in the Berkshire hills, giving birth to the nation's oldest therapeutic community.
Nearly a century later, the success of therapeutic community continues to stem from the truth that a society is healthiest when its most vulnerable members are enabled to thrive. These communities provide psycho-social rehabilitation in a nurturing and non-institutional environment for adults (ages 18 and over) coping with mental health conditions such as depression, bipolar and schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia.
Other therapeutic communities on the East Coast of the US include CooperRiis Healing Community and Spring Lake Ranch - both communities with the common mission of helping those who suffer from mental illness lead fulfilling lives.
All of these communities -- Gould Farm, CooperRiis, and Spring Lake Ranch -- are non-profit organizations that rely on philanthropy and client fees to exist.